Contoh Soal Tes Skolastik Literasi Bahasa Inggris UTBK 2023

tes-skolastik-literasi-bahasa-inggris

Salah satu subtes yang muncul pada UTBK/SNBT 2023 adalah Literasi Bahasa Inggris. Simak latihan soal dan pembahasan lengkapnya di artikel ini.

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Halo, teman-teman! Pasti kamu sudah tahu bahwa tahun 2023 nanti pelaksanaan UTBK berganti nama menjadi SNBT (Seleksi Nasional Berdasarkan Tes). Terdapat 4 jenis tes skolastik yang diujikan, salah satunya Literasi Bahasa Indonesia. Hmm, kira-kira seperti apa ya contoh soal dan cara mengerjakannya?

 

Apa itu Literasi Bahasa Inggris?

Literasi Bahasa Inggris adalah soal yang menguji kemampuan calon mahasiswa untuk benar-benar memahami esensi dari suatu bacaan serta dapat menganalisis argumen yang ada di dalamnya. Jenis soal ini hampir mirip dengan UTBK Bahasa Inggris, dimana terdapat pertanyaan mengenai ide pokok, permasalahan, atau kesimpulan dari teks yang disajikan.

Tetapi, jangan pusing dulu, ada beberapa tips untuk menjawab soal Literasi Bahasa Inggris:

  • Baca soal terlebih dahulu agar menghemat waktu pengerjaan.
  • Garisbawahi kata kunci yang dianggap penting dalam teks.
  • Gunakan teknik membaca skimming, yaitu cara cepat untuk menemukan ide pokok atau simpulan dari sebuah teks.

 

Latihan Soal Literasi Bahasa Inggris

Ingat ya, untuk bisa menjawab literasi bahasa Inggris dengan benar, kamu harus berlatih dengan variasi soal yang berbeda. Nah, apa saja sih kisi-kisi atau materi yang kemungkinan keluar di sub-tes ini? Yuk, simak pembahasan dan kunci jawabannya!

Baca juga: Ketentuan SNBP, SNBT, dan Ujian Mandiri 2023

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1. The question is based on the following passage.

    Supply chain weaknesses were brought to the forefront during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially for industries relying on electronics, as the flow of raw materials slowed or sometimes stopped. On top of that, shifting consumer values and tougher environmental regulations have resulted in more people buying hybrid vehicles. The batteries in these cars require rare metals that, depending on their supplies, can have volatile and unpredictable prices. However, there are other scarce elements and materials that may be used in smaller amounts in hybrid models versus conventional gas vehicles, raising the question of how these vehicles really compare with regard to supply chain vulnerabilities. Randolph Kirchain and colleagues wanted to develop a comprehensive comparison of the elements and compounds that go into all the parts in gas-powered, self-charging hybrid and plug-in hybrid cars, calculating each of the three vehicles' materials cost vulnerability.

    The researchers collected information on the compounds in the more than 350,000 parts used to build seven vehicles from the same manufacturer with different levels of electrification, including four sedans and three sport utility vehicles (SUVs). Then, they calculated the amount of the 76 chemical elements present, as well as a few other materials, in each car type. To develop a monetary metric for vulnerability, the team considered the weight of each component, along with its average price and price volatility between 1998 and 2015. The results showed that self-charging hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles have twice the raw material cost risks. The largest contributors to the increase in cost risks were battery-related elements, such as cobalt, nickel, graphite and neodymium. The researchers say that as manufacturers ramp up electric vehicle production to meet demand, reducing raw material cost risks with long-term supplier contracts, substituting some materials or recycling others will be a good idea.

American Chemical Society. (2021). Hybrid cars are twice as vulnerable to supply chain issues as gas-powered models. Taken on August 16, 2021 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/07/210728105731.htm.

The author would apparently agree that the relationship between environmental regulations and the purchase of hybrid vehicles in paragraph 1 is similar to the phenomenon of ....

  1. cars and traffic 
  2. oil and gas stations
  3. people and vehicles
  4. gasoline and transportation 
  5. modern life and electric cars

 

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan analogi yang tepat dari hubungan antara peraturan lingkungan dan pembelian mobil hibrida.

Informasi yang berkaitan dengan hal tersebut terdapat di paragraf pertama kalimat kedua. Pada kalimat tersebut, dikatakan bahwa peraturan lingkungan menyebabkan masyarakat membeli mobil hibrida. Analogi yang digunakan di sini adalah analogi sebab akibat. Dengan demikian, analogi yang tepat adalah antara cars dan traffic karena mobil menyebabkan kemacetan sehingga pilihan A tepat.

Pilihan B (minyak dan tempat pengisian bahan bakar) tidak tepat. Minyak tidak menyebabkan adanya pom bensin. Pom bensin didirikan karena adanya kendaraan.

Pilihan C (orang dan kendaraan) tidak tepat. Penyebab adanya kendaraan adalah jarak tempuh, bukan manusia.

Pilihan D (bahan bakar minyak dan transportasi) tidak tepat. Kendaraanlah yang menyebabkan adanya bensin, bukan sebaliknya.

Pilihan E (kehidupan modern dan mobil listrik) tidak tepat. Kehidupan modern tidak menyebabkan adanya mobil listrik. Mobil listrik diciptakan karena adanya masalah lingkungan.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A.

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2. The question is based on the following text.

    Exercise is painful. As the cliché goes, “No pain, no gain.” When the body exerts itself, pumping action out of muscles to tear them down and build their mass, it’s left with a soreness. Doctors, coaches, and mothers all recommend heat for tense sore muscles—warm baths, moist towels, hot-water bottles, or heated pads as thermotherapy techniques. But how exactly does applying this heat help the pain and relax the muscles?

    While exercising, the body requires more energy than it can produce through aerobic respiration, or the intake of oxygen. To create enough energy for vigorous movement, the body goes through another process: anaerobic respiration. This type of energy production burns sugars without oxygen, producing lactic acid within exerted muscles. Overworked muscles and a buildup of lactic acid are what cause the pain associated with exercising. When heat is applied to a sore area of the body, blood vessels widen and blood flow increases to transport excess lactic acid and other toxins away from tired muscles. These muscles are also made more elastic by the heat, and nerve endings are stimulated to block pain signals. 

Hogeback, J. (n.d). Why Does Heat Relax Your Muscles? Taken on July 14, 2021 from https://www.britannica.com/story/why-does-heat-relax-your-muscles.

 

What is the purpose of the underlined sentence in paragraph 1?

  1. highlight the process of muscle building during exercise
  2. illustrate the cliché related to exercise and pain
  3. explain the sources of pain while exercising 
  4. show the process of soreness on muscles 
  5. define the cliché “No pain, no gain”   

 

Jawaban: B

Pembahasan:

Soal menanyakan tujuan penulisan kalimat bergaris bawah yang terdapat pada paragraf pertama.

Terjemahan kalimat tersebut adalah ketika tubuh berolah raga, menuntut otot untuk bekerja keras dan mambangun massa, tubuh akan terasa nyeri. Dengan kata lain, kalimat tersebut bertujuan mengilustrasikan ungkapan “No pain, no gain,” yang berarti 'Tidak ada pengorbanan, tidak ada hasil.’ (Pilihan B). Pengorbanan yang dimaksud diilustrasikan dengan rasa nyeri pada tubuh dan hasil diilustrasikan dengan pembentukan massa otot. 

Pilihan A tidak tepat. Kalimat tersebut tidak menyoroti proses otot terbentuk saja, melainkan juga efek yang ditimbulkannya, yaitu rasa nyeri.

Pilihan C tidak tepat. Kalimat tersebut menyebutkan bahwa sumber rasa nyeri pada tubuh saat berolahraga adalah kerja keras otot saja. Tidak ada penjelasan mengenai sumber lain.

Pilihan D tidak tepat. Kalimat tersebut bukan hanya menunjukkan tentang nyeri pada otot yang diakibatkan dari berolah raga, tetapi juga terbentuknya massa otot.

Pilihan E tidak tepat. Kalimat tersebut tidak memuat definisi dari ungkapan “No pain, no gain”, melainkan hanya memberikan ilustrasi untuk ungkapan tersebut. 

Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah B.

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3. Read the text below to answer the question!

    A team led by UC Riverside geologists has discovered the first ancestor on the family tree that contains most familiar animals today, including humans. The tiny, wormlike creature, named Ikaria wariootia, is the earliest bilaterian, or organism with a front and back, two symmetrical sides, and openings at either end connected by a gut. The paper is published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

    For 15 years, scientists agreed that fossilized burrows found in 555 million-year-old Ediacaran Period deposits in Nilpena, South Australia, were made by bilaterians. However, there was no sign of the creature that made the burrows, leaving scientists with nothing but speculation. Then, Scott Evans, a recent doctoral graduate from UC Riverside; and Mary Droser, a professor of geology, noticed miniscule, oval impressions near some of these burrows. With funding from a NASA exobiology grant, they used a three-dimensional laser scanner that revealed the regular, consistent shape of a cylindrical body with a distinct head and tail and faintly grooved musculature. The animal ranged between 2-7 millimeters long and about 1-2.5 millimeters wide, with the largest the size and shape of a grain of rice -- just the right size to have made the burrows.

    "We thought these animals should have existed during this interval, but always understood they would be difficult to recognize," Evans said. "Once we had the 3D scans, we knew that we had made an important discovery."

University of California - Riverside. (2020). Ancestor of all animals identified in Australian fossils: A wormlike creature that lived more than 555 million years ago is the earliest bilaterian. Taken on March 25, 2020, from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/03/200323152108.htm.

What is the main idea of the passage?

  1. the descendant on the family tree of familiar animals found in Australia 
  2. a team led by UC Riverside geologists 
  3. Australian geologists finding most animals
  4. the small ancestor of familiar animals identified in Australia
  5. the geologists’ discovery of a worm in Australia 
  6.  

 

Jawaban: D

Pembahasan:

Soal menanyakan ide pokok yang tepat dari teks bacaan.

Pada keseluruhan paragraf, teks tersebut membahas mengenai penemuan makhluk yang dianggap sebagai leluhur dari silsilah keluarga sebagian besar binatang yang ada saat ini.

Pilihan A tidak tepat karena terdapat kata The descendant yang berarti 'keturunan'. Hal tersebut merupakan antonim dari kata ancestor yang berarti 'leluhur'.

Pilihan B dan C tidak tepat karena yang menjadi fokus pada kedua pilihan tersebut adalah tim ahli geologi yang melakukan penemuan.

Pilihan D tepat karena pernyataan tersebut sesuai dengan yang disampaikan pada teks bacaan.

Pilihan E tidak tepat karena makhluk yang ditemukan bukanlah seekor worm (cacing), tetapi makhluk seperti cacing . Informasinya terdapat pada kalimat kedua paragraf pertama.

Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah D. 

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4. Read the text below to answer the question!

    A team led by UC Riverside geologists has discovered the first ancestor on the family tree that contains most familiar animals today, including humans. The tiny, wormlike creature, named Ikaria wariootia, is the earliest bilaterian, or organism with a front and back, two symmetrical sides, and openings at either end connected by a gut. The paper is published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

    For 15 years, scientists agreed that fossilized burrows found in 555 million-year-old Ediacaran Period deposits in Nilpena, South Australia, were made by bilaterians. However, there was no sign of the creature that made the burrows, leaving scientists with nothing but speculation. Then, Scott Evans, a recent doctoral graduate from UC Riverside; and Mary Droser, a professor of geology, noticed miniscule, oval impressions near some of these burrows. With funding from a NASA exobiology grant, they used a three-dimensional laser scanner that revealed the regular, consistent shape of a cylindrical body with a distinct head and tail and faintly grooved musculature. The animal ranged between 2-7 millimeters long and about 1-2.5 millimeters wide, with the largest the size and shape of a grain of rice -- just the right size to have made the burrows.

    "We thought these animals should have existed during this interval, but always understood they would be difficult to recognize," Evans said. "Once we had the 3D scans, we knew that we had made an important discovery."

University of California - Riverside. (2020). Ancestor of all animals identified in Australian fossils: A wormlike creature that lived more than 555 million years ago is the earliest bilaterian. Taken on March 25, 2020, from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/03/200323152108.htm.

The purpose of the passage is …. 

  1. to announce how great a team of geologists is 
  2. to deliver the information about several ancestors 
  3. to advertise an ancient animal found in Australia 
  4. to inform the readers about the important discovery 
  5. to reveal the sophisticated new science technology 

 

Jawaban: D

Pembahasan:

Soal menanyakan tujuan penulisan teks bacaan tersebut.

Teks tersebut memberikan informasi mengenai penemuan Ikaria wariootia, nenek moyang dari sebagian besar binatang yang ada saat ini yang dianggap sebagai sebuah penemuan yang penting. Dengan demikian, tujuan teks tersebut adalah memberikan informasi kepada pembaca mengenai penemuan penting sehingga pilihan D tepat.

Pilihan A (untuk mengumumkan betapa hebatnya sebuah tim dari ahli geologi) tidak tepat. Fokus dari teks tersebut adalah penemuan sebuah tim geologi, yaitu seekor bilateria, bukan para penemunya.

Pilihan B (untuk menyampaikan informasi mengenai beberapa nenek moyang) tidak tepat. Teks tersebut tidak menyajikan informasi tentang beberapa nenek moyang, tetapi hanya nenek moyang dari sebagian besar binatang yang ada saat ini.

Pilihan C (untuk mengiklankan seekor binatang purba yang ditemukan di Australia) tidak tepat. Tidak ada informasi pada teks yang mengatakan bahwa penemuan di Australia tersebut akan diiklankan.

Pilihan E (untuk mengungkapkan sebuah teknologi ilmu pengetahuan baru yang canggih) tidak tepat. Teks tersebut berfokus pada penemuan bilateria pertama, ikaria wariootia, oleh sebuah tim geologis, bukan tentang teknologi ilmu pengetahuan baru.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah D.

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5. The text is for the following question.

    Television was once the newest technology in our homes, and then came videos and computers. Today’s children are growing up in a rapidly changing digital age that is far different from their parents. A variety of technologies are all around us in our homes, offices, and schools. When used wisely, technology and media can support learning children’s relationships both with adults and their peers.

    Based on some evidence by research, there has never been a more important time to apply principles of development and learning when considering the use of cutting-edge technologies and new media as the so-called interactive media. Interactive media refers to digital and analog materials, including software programs, applications (apps), some children’s television programming, e-books, the Internet, and other forms of content designed to facilitate active and creative use by young children and to encourage social engagement with other children and adults.

    When the integration of technology and interactive media in early childhood programs is built upon solid developmental foundations, and early childhood professionals are aware of both the challenges and the opportunities, educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child.

    This statement provides guidance for early childhood educators about the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development. In this statement, the definition of technology tools encompasses a broad range of digital devices such as computers, tablets, multi-touch screens, interactive whiteboards, mobile devices, cameras, audio recorders, electronic toys, games, e-book readers, and older analog devices still being used such as tape recorders, record and cassette players, projectors, and microscopes.

    By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of his day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development.

NAEYC and Fred Rogers Center. (2012). Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8 [PDF]. Accessed and adapted on 11 July, 2022 from https://www.naeyc.org/sites/default/files/globally-shared/downloads/PDFs/resources/position-statements/ps_technology.pdf.

How does the second sentence relate to the first sentence in paragraph 2?

  1. It shows the importance of interactive media to children’s lives. 
  2. It argues that interactive media include digital materials only.
  3. It explains the definition and examples of interactive media.
  4. It states that the children and adults nowadays are familiar with digital technology.
  5. It shows that interactive media can support social engagement among adults.

 

Jawaban: C

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan hubungan kalimat pertama dan kedua pada paragraf kedua.

Kalimat pertama menjelaskan pentingnya menerapkan aturan-aturan pembelajaran ketika mulai menggunakan teknologi baru dalam pembelajaran, yaitu media interaktif. Kalimat kedua menjelaskan bahwa media interaktif mengacu pada materi digital dan analog, termasuk program perangkat lunak, aplikasi, beberapa program televisi anak-anak, e-book, internet, dan bentuk konten lain yang dirancang untuk memfasilitasi penggunaan aktif dan kreatif oleh anak-anak muda dan untuk mendorong keterlibatan sosial dengan anak-anak lain dan orang dewasa.

Berdasarkan hal tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa kalimat kedua menjelaskan definisi dan contoh media interaktif yang disebutkan di kalimat pertama.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah C.

6. The text is for the following question.

    Television was once the newest technology in our homes, and then came videos and computers. Today’s children are growing up in a rapidly changing digital age that is far different from their parents. A variety of technologies are all around us in our homes, offices, and schools. When used wisely, technology and media can support learning children’s relationships both with adults and their peers.

    Based on some evidence by research, there has never been a more important time to apply principles of development and learning when considering the use of cutting-edge technologies and new media as the so-called interactive media. Interactive media refers to digital and analog materials, including software programs, applications (apps), some children’s television programming, e-books, the Internet, and other forms of content designed to facilitate active and creative use by young children and to encourage social engagement with other children and adults.

    When the integration of technology and interactive media in early childhood programs is built upon solid developmental foundations, and early childhood professionals are aware of both the challenges and the opportunities, educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child.

    This statement provides guidance for early childhood educators about the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development. In this statement, the definition of technology tools encompasses a broad range of digital devices such as computers, tablets, multi-touch screens, interactive whiteboards, mobile devices, cameras, audio recorders, electronic toys, games, e-book readers, and older analog devices still being used such as tape recorders, record and cassette players, projectors, and microscopes.

    By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of his day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development.

NAEYC and Fred Rogers Center. (2012). Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8 [PDF]. Accessed and adapted on 11 July, 2022 from https://www.naeyc.org/sites/default/files/globally-shared/downloads/PDFs/resources/position-statements/ps_technology.pdf.


The author would apparently agree on the idea that ....  

  1. digital media can harm learning and relationships 
  2. technology provides children with enjoyable experiences
  3. technology may bring more good than harm when it is used wisely 
  4. technology can influence the relationships between children and their friends 
  5. technology minimizes the potential for children’s learning and engagement with others 

Jawaban: C

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan kesimpulan tersirat penulis menurut teks tersebut.

Berdasarkan paragraf ketiga (educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child), paragraf keempat (the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development), dan paragraf kelima (it is demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development), dapat disimpulkan bahwa penulis mengungkapkan tentang penggunaan teknologi yang jika digunakan secara bijak, dapat membantu dan mengoptimalkan perkembangan anak.

Dengan demikian, kesimpulan tersirat yang tepat adalah teknologi membawa lebih banyak kebaikan daripada kerugian jika digunakan secara bijak.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah C.   

separator latihan soal-Oct-10-2022-02-47-02-48-AM7. The text is for the following question.

    Television was once the newest technology in our homes, and then came videos and computers. Today’s children are growing up in a rapidly changing digital age that is far different from their parents. A variety of technologies are all around us in our homes, offices, and schools. When used wisely, technology and media can support learning children’s relationships both with adults and their peers.

    Based on some evidence by research, there has never been a more important time to apply principles of development and learning when considering the use of cutting-edge technologies and new media as the so-called interactive media. Interactive media refers to digital and analog materials, including software programs, applications (apps), some children’s television programming, e-books, the Internet, and other forms of content designed to facilitate active and creative use by young children and to encourage social engagement with other children and adults.

    When the integration of technology and interactive media in early childhood programs is built upon solid developmental foundations, and early childhood professionals are aware of both the challenges and the opportunities, educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child.

    This statement provides guidance for early childhood educators about the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development. In this statement, the definition of technology tools encompasses a broad range of digital devices such as computers, tablets, multi-touch screens, interactive whiteboards, mobile devices, cameras, audio recorders, electronic toys, games, e-book readers, and older analog devices still being used such as tape recorders, record and cassette players, projectors, and microscopes.

    By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of his day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development.

NAEYC and Fred Rogers Center. (2012). Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8 [PDF]. Accessed and adapted on 11 July, 2022 from https://www.naeyc.org/sites/default/files/globally-shared/downloads/PDFs/resources/position-statements/ps_technology.pdf.


The author holds the assumption that ....

  1. any forms of content designed to facilitate creative children to learn will challenge them 
  2. interactive media are any kind of media that include hardware and artifacts of education 
  3. the integration of technology and interactive media in childhood programs leads to improved program quality 
  4. applying principles of development and learning of children is secondary in the use of the interactive media 
  5. technology and media can be used to facilitate learning and establish better relationships with other children and adults

 

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan asumsi penulis.

Berdasarkan kalimat By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of this day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development, dapat disimpulkan bahwa menggunakan teknologi dengan tepat dan ditujukan untuk terhubung dengan setiap anak dengan orangtua dan keluarganya, menunjukkan potensi positif penggunaan teknologi dan media dengan cara yang didasarkan pada prinsip-prinsip perkembangan anak.

Dengan demikian, penulis berasumsi bahwa teknologi dan media dapat digunakan untuk memfasilitasi pembelajaran dan menciptakan hubungan dengan anak-anak lain serta orang dewasa. Oleh karena itu, pilihan E tepat.

Pilihan jawaban A, B, C, dan D tidak tepat karena informasi-informasi pada pilihan jawaban tersebut tidak sesuai dengan informasi yang disampaikan pada teks.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah E.

separator latihan soal-Oct-10-2022-02-47-02-48-AM8. The question is based on the following passage.

    Around 2.8 million Indian students sat university examinations from the end of August to September 13 as the country approached the grim milestone of 5-million total COVID-19 cases. Despite pleas from civil society to defer examinations, including by Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg, a Supreme Court ruling on August 17 gave the government the green light to keep the original schedule for the engineer and medical colleges entrance exams. 

    The JEE and the NEET, how university exams for those two careers are called, are India's most competitive — they sprawl industries of their own, with preparation courses generating millions of dollars annually. The court bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that “the career of the students cannot be put on peril for long, and a full academic year cannot be wasted.” The court will not hear any further petitions regarding postponing future exam dates.

    According to the Ministry of Education, 74 percent of the students registered to the first of the JEE took the exam, while an above 80-percent attendance was observed for the NEET exam. Students are now gearing up for the second stage of the JEE (the JEE Advanced), which will take place on September 27. Protests against the exam date have dwindled since the Supreme Court decision. 

Manve, Vishal Yashoda. (2020). Millions of Indian Students Sit University Entrance Exams After Government Disregards Protests to Postpone Them. Accessed on July 18, 2020 from https://globalvoices.org/2020/09/15/millions-of-indian-students-sit-university-entrance-exams-after-government-pushes-back-protests-to-postpone-them/.

 

What can be inferred from the passage? 

  1. Indian students were reluctant to join university preparation courses.
  2. Indian students were forced to sit the JEE and the NEET exam.
  3. The JEE and the NEET are annually held by the Supreme Court.
  4. The Supreme Court considered the pleas from society. 
  5. The university entrance tests were finally rescheduled.

 

Jawaban: B

Pembahasan:

Soal menanyakan kesimpulan tersirat yang tepat berdasarkan informasi pada teks tersebut.

Pada paragraf pertama, dijelaskan bahwa meskipun ada permohonan dari masyarakat untuk menunda jadwal ujian masuk universitas terkait dengan banyaknya kasus COVID-19, putusan Mahkamah Agung pada 17 Agustus memberi pemerintah lampu hijau untuk mempertahankan jadwal asli untuk ujian masuk insinyur dan perguruan tinggi kedokteran. Pada akhir paragraf kedua, dijelaskan bahwa pengadilan tidak akan mempertimbangkan petisi apapun mengenai jadwal tersebut. Kemudian pada paragraf ketiga dijelaskan bahwa ujian JEE dan NEET sudah dilaksanakan dan diikuti oleh para mahasiswa.

Informasi pada ketiga paragraf tersebut menunjukkan bahwa sebenarnya mahasiswa menginginkan jadwal ujian tersebut ditunda. Namun, pada akhirnya mereka tetap mengikutinya karena pemerintah tidak bersedia menunda jadwal tersebut. 

Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa siswa di India mengikuti ujian JEE dan NEET dalam keadaan terpaksa sehingga pilihan B tepat.

Pilihan A (Siswa India enggan mengikuti kursus persiapan universitas.) tidak tepat karena pada kalimat 1 paragraf 3, dijelaskan bahwa ujian JEE dan NEET adalah ujian yang paling kompetitif di India dan kursus persiapan untuk kedua ujian tersebut menghasilkan jutaan dolar setiap tahunnya. Informasi tersebut menunjukkan bahwa kebanyakan siswa India justru kemungkinan besar mengikuti kursus persiapan untuk menghadapi JEE dan NEET.

Pilihan C (JEE dan NEET diadakan setiap tahun oleh Mahkamah Agung.) tidak tepat karena ujian tersebut diselenggarakan oleh pemerintah India, bukan Mahkamah Agung. Hal ini diketahui dari informasi pada akhir paragraf pertama, yaitu ‘... putusan Mahkamah Agung pada 17 Agustus memberi pemerintah lampu hijau untuk mempertahankan jadwal asli untuk ujian masuk fakultas teknik dan kedokteran’. Jadi, yang membuat jadwal dan menjadi penyelenggara ujian tersebut adalah pemerintah.

Pilihan D (Mahkamah Agung mempertimbangkan permohonan dari masyarakat.) tidak tepat karena jelas dikatakan pada kalimat terakhir paragraf pertama bahwa Mahkamah Agung memberi izin kepada pemerintah untuk mempertahankan jadwal asli untuk ujian masuk insinyur dan perguruan tinggi kedokteran meskipun ada permohonan dari masyarakat untuk menunda jadwal tersebut. 

Dengan alasan yang sama, pilihan E (Tes masuk universitas akhirnya dijadwalkan ulang.) tidak tepat karena jadwal semula tetap dipertahankan.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah B.

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9. The question is based on the following passage.

    Around 2.8 million Indian students sat university examinations from the end of August to September 13 as the country approached the grim milestone of 5-million total COVID-19 cases. Despite pleas from civil society to defer examinations, including by Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg, a Supreme Court ruling on August 17 gave the government the green light to keep the original schedule for the engineer and medical colleges entrance exams. 

    The JEE and the NEET, how university exams for those two careers are called, are India's most competitive — they sprawl industries of their own, with preparation courses generating millions of dollars annually. The court bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that “the career of the students cannot be put on peril for long, and a full academic year cannot be wasted.” The court will not hear any further petitions regarding postponing future exam dates.

    According to the Ministry of Education, 74 percent of the students registered to the first of the JEE took the exam, while an above 80-percent attendance was observed for the NEET exam. Students are now gearing up for the second stage of the JEE (the JEE Advanced), which will take place on September 27. Protests against the exam date have dwindled since the Supreme Court decision.

Manve, Vishal Yashoda. (2020). Millions of Indian Students Sit University Entrance Exams After Government Disregards Protests to Postpone Them. Accessed on July 18, 2020 from https://globalvoices.org/2020/09/15/millions-of-indian-students-sit-university-entrance-exams-after-government-pushes-back-protests-to-postpone-them/.

Which statement is CORRECT based on the passage above? 

  1. The first stage of the JEE Advanced was held after September 27.
  2. The exams may be postponed due to the protests against the exam date.
  3. NEET is an entrance university test for both medical and engineering colleges.
  4. Justice Ashok Bhushan wasn’t concerned about students’ academic and future careers.
  5. Many Indians demanded rescheduling the exams because of the high rate of COVID-19 cases.

 

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan pernyataan yang tepat berdasarkan teks.

Pilihan A (Tahap pertama the JEE Advanced diselenggarakan setelah tanggal 27 September.) tidak tepat. Kalimat “Students are now gearing up for the second stage of the JEE (the JEE Advanced), which will take place on September 27.” menyatakan bahwa tahap kedua berlangsung pada tanggal 27 September sehingga tahap pertamanya pasti sebelum tanggal tersebut.

Pilihan B (Ujian mungkin ditunda karena adanya protes menentang tanggal ujian.) tidak tepat. Pada paragraf pertama, disebutkan bahwa Mahkamah Agung telah mengizinkan ujian berlangsung sesuai jadwal aslinya. Selanjutnya pada paragraf kedua disebutkan “The court will not hear any further petitions regarding postponing future exam dates. (Pengadilan tidak akan mendengar petisi lebih lanjut tentang penundaan tanggal ujian di masa yang akan datang.)". Kalimat tersebut menyiratkan bahwa keputusan yang telah diambil oleh Mahkamah Agung tersebut tidak akan berubah dan diharapkan tidak akan ada lagi protes.

Pilihan C (NEET adalah ujian masuk universitas baik untuk medis maupun teknik.) tidak tepat. Terdapat kalimat yang menyatakan “The JEE and the NEET, how university exams for those two careers are called ....” pada teks. Karir (careers) yang dimaksud adalah karir yang berkaitan dengan teknik dan medis (sesuai kalimat terakhir paragraf pertama). Namun, entah JEE atau NEET merupakan ujian yang hanya untuk salah satu dari karir atau bidang tersebut, bukan berarti JEE atau NEET masing-masingnya memuat ujian kedua bidang tersebut.

Pilihan D (Hakim Ashok Bhushan tidak khawatir tentang akademik dan karir siswa.) tidak tepat. Pada paragraf kedua, terdapat kalimat “The court bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that ‘the career of the students cannot be put on peril for long, and a full academic year cannot be wasted’. (Bangku pengadilan yang dipimpin Hakim Ashok Bhushan mengatakan bahwa ‘karir siswa tidak bisa lama-lama terancam, dan satu tahun akademik penuh tidak bisa disia-siakan'.)". Kalimat tersebut menunjukkan bahwa hakim tersebut justru peduli atau khawatir dengan karir dan akademik siswa.

Pilihan E (Banyak masyarakat India menuntut perubahan jadwal ujian karena tingginya tingkat kasus COVID-19.) tepat. Paragraf pertama menyebutkan bahwa siswa India tetap mengikuti ujian universitas ketika India sedang mengalami sejarah suram 5 juta kasus COVID-19. Terlepas dari permintaan masyarakat untuk menunda ujian, Mahkamah Agung pada 17 Agustus memutuskan untuk menjaga jadwal asli ujian masuk tersebut. “Sejarah suram 5 juta kasus COVID-19” menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kasus COVID-19 yang sedang terjadi itu tinggi (high rate). Lalu, “menunda ujian” maksudnya sama dengan “mengubah jadwal ujian yang telah ada”.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah E.

separator latihan soal-Oct-10-2022-02-47-02-48-AM

10. The question is based on the following passage.

    Around 2.8 million Indian students sat university examinations from the end of August to September 13 as the country approached the grim milestone of 5-million total COVID-19 cases. Despite pleas from civil society to defer examinations, including by Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg, a Supreme Court ruling on August 17 gave the government the green light to keep the original schedule for the engineer and medical colleges entrance exams. 

    The JEE and the NEET, how university exams for those two careers are called, are India's most competitive — they sprawl industries of their own, with preparation courses generating millions of dollars annually. The court bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that “the career of the students cannot be put on peril for long, and a full academic year cannot be wasted.” The court will not hear any further petitions regarding postponing future exam dates.

    According to the Ministry of Education, 74 percent of the students registered to the first of the JEE took the exam, while an above 80-percent attendance was observed for the NEET exam. Students are now gearing up for the second stage of the JEE (the JEE Advanced), which will take place on September 27. Protests against the exam date have dwindled since the Supreme Court decision. 

Manve, Vishal Yashoda. (2020). Millions of Indian Students Sit University Entrance Exams After Government Disregards Protests to Postpone Them. Accessed on July 18, 2020 from https://globalvoices.org/2020/09/15/millions-of-indian-students-sit-university-entrance-exams-after-government-pushes-back-protests-to-postpone-them/.

The author’s attitude towards the civils’ protest regarding the exam schedule is …. 

  1. critical
  2. positive
  3. objective
  4. subjective 
  5. informative

 

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Soal menanyakan sikap penulis mengenai protes masyarakat tentang jadwal ujian yang dibahas pada teks.

Penulis menjelaskan protes masyarakat tentang jadwal ujian pada paragraf pertama. Penulis menjelaskan bahwa Mahkamah Agung memberi izin kepada pemerintah untuk mempertahankan jadwal asli untuk ujian masuk insinyur dan perguruan tinggi kedokteran meskipun ada permohonan dari masyarakat untuk menunda jadwal tersebut.

Pada paragraf kedua, penulis menyebutkan dua ujian masuk universitas, yaitu JEE dan NEET. Kemudian dilanjutkan dengan penjelasan mengenai alasan pemerintah mempertahankan jadwal ujian yang sudah ditetapkan sejak awal dan pengadilan juga tidak akan mempertimbangkan petisi apapun mengenai jadwal tersebut.

Pada paragraf ketiga, penulis menjelaskan tentang persentase jumlah siswa yang sudah mengikuti ujian JEE dan NEET. Dijelaskan pula bahwa protes mengenai jadwal ujian sudah berkurang sejak adanya putusan dari Mahkamah Agung.

Berdasarkan topik bahasan pada masing-masing paragraf, terlihat jelas bahwa penulis menyajikan informasi mengenai protes yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat dan sikap pemerintah terkait jadwal ujian masuk universitas. Jadi, dapat disimpulkan bahwa sikap penulis adalah informatif sehingga pilihan E tepat.

Pilihan A tidak tepat karena tidak ada kalimat berupa kritikan penulis terhadap protes masyarakat tentang jadwal ujian.

Pilihan B tidak tepat karena penulis tidak menyatakan dukungannya terhadap protes masyarakat tentang jadwal ujian.

Pilihan C dan D tidak tepat karena penulis tidak memasukkan perspektif atau penilaian pribadinya terhadap protes masyarakat tentang jadwal ujian tersebut sehingga tidak bisa dikatakan subjektif atau objektif. 

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah E.

 

Untuk kamu yang mau nonton video pembahasan soalnya juga bisa banget nih!

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